Roger Federer



Roger Federer (born August 8, 1981) is a Swiss professional tennis player and currently the number 1 ranked player in the world. At the age of 25, he is already regarded by many, including his contemporaries, as having the potential to be one of the greatest, if not the single greatest, players of all time. He has been ranked number 1 since February 2004, and, as of August 2006, he holds the third-longest consecutive stay in the World No. 1. Only Jimmy Connors and Ivan Lendl have had longer unbroken streaks at number one.

In 2004, Federer became the first man since Mats Wilander in 1988 to win three out of the four Grand Slam singles tournaments in the same year. Since 2002, he has won 8 Grand Slam, 2 Tennis Masters Cup and 11 ATP Masters Series singles titles.

Federer was born in Basel, Switzerland in the small city of Binningen, to Robert Federer and Lynette Federer. He grew up 10 minutes from Basel proper, in suburban Münchenstein.

His parents met while his father was on a business trip to South Africa for a Basel-based chemical company for which they both worked. Lynette was born and raised in Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. Lynette no longer works at the company and is now a manager at the Roger Federer Foundation. Robert is still with the Ciba Specialty Chemicals, in sales. Roger's older sister, Diana, is an accountant and lives in the Basel area.

Roger speaks three languages (German, French, and English) fluently and conducts press conferences in all of them. He is also proficient in Spanish.

Federer spends his off-court time playing card games, table tennis, and other sports and sitting on the beach. He currently resides in Oberwil, Switzerland and is dating former WTA player and fellow Swiss Miroslava Vavrinec (Mirka), who retired from the game in 2002 after a foot injury. The two met at the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

He co-established the Roger Federer Foundation in December 2003. Its goals include funding projects that benefit disadvantaged children, primarily in South Africa. In January 2005, he encouraged efforts from tennis players for the people affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, saying he would play as many matches as possible in tournaments organized to raise funds for the tsunami victims and auctioned off his autographed rackets to raise funds for UNICEF's relief operations.

Federer also launched a fragrance and cosmetics line called RF Cosmetics in October 2003.

On April 3rd, 2006, Federer was appointed a Goodwill Ambassador to UNICEF, which helps poor children around the world.

Roger Federer started playing tennis at the age of eight. 1998 was Federer's last year in the Junior circuits; he won the Wimbledon Juniors title and the prestigious year-ending Orange Bowl. Federer joined the ATP tour in July 1998 but finished the year as the ITF World Junior Tennis champion. In 1999, he debuted for the Swiss Davis Cup team. He finished the year as the youngest player inside the ATP's top 100.

In 2000, he reached the semifinals in the Sydney Olympics, but lost the bronze-medal match to Arnaud Di Pasquale of France 7-6(7-5), 6-7(7-9) 6-3. He also reached the finals in Basel and Marseille but did not win either of them.

In February 2001, Federer won his first ATP tournament in Milan. He also won three matches for his country in the Davis Cup in a 3-2 victory over the United States. He advanced to the quarterfinals at the Wimbledon Championships. He finished the year ranked 13th.

In 2002, Federer reached his first ATP Masters Series final at the Miami Masters, where he lost to Andre Agassi. He won his next AMS final in Hamburg, adding his first AMS title to the Medibank International title he had won earlier in the year. He also won both his Davis Cup singles matches against former world number ones (Russians Marat Safin and Yevgeny Kafelnikov), and by reaching No. 6 in the ATP Champions Race, qualified for the first time in the year-ending Tennis Masters Cup where he lost in the semifinals against Lleyton Hewitt. His year, however, was marked by early-round exits at the French Open, Wimbledon (where he lost to Mario Ančić, who is the last man to beat Federer on grass), and U.S. Open. He also lost his long-time Australian coach Peter Carter in a car crash in August.

Federer started 2003 by winning 2 consecutive tournaments in Dubai and Marseille. He won in Munich without losing a set but exited the French Open again in the first round. On July 6th, 2003, he defeated Mark Philippoussis and won his first Grand Slam title at Wimbledon, becoming the first Swiss man to do so. He dropped only one set during the entire tournament. He also won four Davis Cup matches during the year to lead Switzerland to the semifinals of the World Group. He finished 2003 by winning the Tennis Masters Cup at Houston and ranking second in the ATP tour race. In December, he parted ways with Peter Lundgren, his coach for four years.

In 2004, Federer had one of the best years in the open era of modern men's tennis, winning three out of the four Grand Slam singles tournaments. He won his first Australian Open title by defeating Marat Safin in straight sets, defended his Wimbledon title by defeating Andy Roddick, and won his first U.S. Open title by defeating Lleyton Hewitt. He finished the year by taking the Tennis Masters Cup at Houston for a second consecutive year. His win-loss record for the year was 74-6 with 11 titles. Federer's remarkable year was recognised when he was named Laureus World Sportsman of the Year in early 2005, edging out the likes of Michael Schumacher, Valentino Rossi, Lance Armstrong, and Michael Phelps. He also was named "Player of The Year" by Tennis Magazine.

Throughout 2004 Federer, did not have a coach, relying instead on his fitness trainer Pierre Paganini, physiotherapist Pavel Kovac, and a management team composed of his parents, his girlfriend Mirka (also his manager), and a few friends. For 2005, Federer arranged for former Australian tennis player Tony Roche to coach him on a limited basis.

Federer reached the 2005 Australian Open semifinals before falling to eventual winner Marat Safin in a five-set night match that lasted more than four hours, passing midnight in the 4th set. Federer rebounded to win the year's first two TMS titles: Indian Wells (by defeating Lleyton Hewitt of Australia), and Miami (by defeating Rafael Nadal of Spain). He won his third Hamburg Masters clay court title in May by defeating Richard Gasquet, to whom he had earlier lost in Monte Carlo. He then entered the French Open as one of the favorites, losing in the semifinals in four sets to eventual winner Rafael Nadal. Federer defended his Wimbledon title for the third consecutive year by defeating Andy Roddick in a rematch of the previous year's final. Federer also defeated Roddick at the Cincinnati Masters to take his fourth ATP Masters Series title of the year (and sweep all the American AMS events) and become the first player in ATP Masters history to win four titles in one season. He also became the first Swiss male champion in Cincinnati's 107-year history.

Federer dropped only two sets while successfully defending his U.S. Open title. In the final, he defeated Andre Agassi in four sets, becoming the first man in the open era to win Wimbledon and the US Open back-to-back in consecutive years (2004 and 2005). He failed to defend his Tennis Masters Cup title, however, losing to David Nalbandian of Argentina in a 4 1/2 hour, 5 set match. He won two sets even though he was playing with an ankle injury.

In January 2006, Federer won the Australian Open by defeating the Cypriot sensation and surprise finalist Marcos Baghdatis. This win marked Federer's third win in as many consecutive Grand Slam tournaments. In March, he defended his titles at the Indian Wells and Miami Masters to become the first player ever to win the Indian Wells-Miami double in consecutive years.

At the French Open in 2006, Federer chased the only Grand Slam he had not yet won as he returned to the clay courts of Roland Garros. He entered the tournament as the top seed and had the goal of winning not only a career Grand Slam, but also to be the first man since Rod Laver to hold all four Grand Slam singles titles at the same time, although he would have done so in a two-year schedule. He made it farther than he ever had before by reaching the final, but fell to defending champion Rafael Nadal in four sets. Although the title eluded him, he accomplished the feat of becoming one of two active players on the tour who reached the finals of all four Grand Slams, the other being Andre Agassi.

He entered Wimbledon as first seed and moved through a draw containing Richard Gasquet, Tim Henman, Nicolas Mahut, Tomáš Berdych, Mario Ancic (who was the last man to beat him on grass at Wimbledon in 2002), and Jonas Björkman, to reach the final without dropping a set. Roger Federer beat surprise finalist Rafael Nadal for the Wimbledon Championship on July 9th, 6-0, 7-6, 6-7, 6-3, winning his fourth straight Wimbledon title (2003-06), matching the achievement of Pete Sampras (1997-2000). He is still one behind Björn Borg, who won five straight Wimbledon titles from 1976-80. He also won the 2006 Rogers Cup, defeating Richard Gasquet of France 2-6, 6-3, 6-2.

So far in 2006, Federer has lost to only two players: Rafael Nadal in the French Open final, Rome final, Monte Carlo final, and Dubai final; and Andy Murray in the second round of the Cincinnati Masters.

Coaches:

* 1989-1994: Seppli Kacovsky (Switzerland). Kacovsky was the head coach of the Old Boys’ Tennis Club[8] in Federer’s home town of Basel. Roger joined Old Boys' when he was eight years old and trained there until '94.

* 1991-1995, 1997-1998: Peter Carter (Australia). Carter privately coached Federer on a weekly basis, from the age of 10 to 14. They reunited again in a new training facility in Biel in 1997, and Carter continued coaching Federer on and off until he turned pro.

* 1995-1997: After he became the Swiss junior champion, Federer was selected to join the Swiss National Tennis center in Ecublens, Vaud. He continued to train there until he finished school.

* 1999-2003: Peter Lundgren (Sweden). Federer chose former top-25 player Lundgren, who he met in Biel, as his coach when he entered the professional circuit. He still consulted frequently with Carter.

* 2005-Present: Tony Roche (Australia). Roche is a former Australian tennis champion who previously coached Patrick Rafter, as well as Ivan Lendl, to the world number one ranking. He is scheduled to help Federer for a few weeks before Grand Slam and Tennis Master Series tournaments.

Federer employs an all-court playing style and is known for being able to hit all of the fundamental shots with exceptional proficiency. He has stated that the one shot he would like to improve is his dropshot. Like many modern players, he uses a semi-western grip for his forehand. Federer plays with a one-handed backhand, which over the last few years has improved tremendously. Although critics and coaches consider his backhand to be his weaker side, players have conceded that it is getting tougher and tougher to attack because it's becoming a greater weapon. His serve is known for being difficult to read because he is able to disguise his delivery by maintaining a consistent ball toss placement and because he turns his back to his opponents during his motion. His first serve delivery speed is typically around 125 mph (200 KM/H), with his second serve usually being a heavily kicked delivery. Federer generally chooses to serve with placement and precision, but on occasion he will hit a powerful serve to keep his opponents off balance.

His footwork and court coverage are exceptional and he is considered to be one of the fastest movers in the game thanks to his combined speed and anticipation. One of Federer's greatest strengths is his versatility. He is both an adept volleyer, possessing some of the finest hands on tour, and an excellent baseliner, with the ability to dictate play with his precise groundstrokes. He is also versatile in his ability to switch from playing defense to playing offense, regardless of how advantageous or disadvantageous his position during any point. It is not rare to see Federer be completely out of the point, then suddenly turn the tables at whim and hit a winner.

Federer's playing style is relaxed and smooth, with no apparent technical weakness in any particular area of his game. While he looks relaxed throughout his matches, his game is very aggressive. He'll tend to attack first rather than play passively or defensively, although he is capable of playing defense if the situation calls for it. His most used asset is his powerful forehand, arguably the best forehand in today's game. The improvement he's made on his backhand, however, has now made it a strong shot as well. He can make accurate down-the-line forehands and cross-court forehands on the run and often patiently constructs points to get in a position from where he can make outright winners with those shots. Federer has also mentioned that he has been able to "read" his opponents' moves, which helps him to construct seemingly perfect plays.

* In 1999, Federer was the youngest player (18 years, 4 months) in the ATP Ranking's year end Top 100.

* By winning Wimbledon in 2003, Federer joined Stefan Edberg, Pat Cash, and Björn Borg as the only players to win both the juniors' and men's Wimbledon championships.

* Federer was presented the inaugural "Golden Bagel award" in 2004, a light-hearted award based on a trivial statistic given to the men's professional tennis player who serves up more "bagels" (sets won 6-0) than any other player in any given year. Federer gave out 12 "bagels" in 2004. He also served 23 "bread sticks" (6-1 sets won).

* He became the first player to win Grand Slam events (Wimbledon & US Open) the year after having won three Grand Slam events in the same year.

* Federer is the first player to win four Tennis Masters Series titles in one season; he also is only the third player to have won all four North American ATP Masters Series events in a career (along with Andre Agassi and Michael Chang).

* Federer and Agassi are the only two players to win the seven major hardcourt titles (the 4 Masters Series events plus the Australian Open and the US Open and the year-end Tennis Masters Cup).

* In a semifinal of the Tennis Masters Cup 2004, Federer won a second set tiebreak against Marat Safin, 20-18. This tiebreak lasted 26 minutes, and tied the record for the longest tie-break (in terms of points) ever played since the tiebreak system was introduced in 1970. Besides Federer, only Björn Borg (1st round Wimbledon 1973 against Premjit Lal), Goran Ivanišević (1st round US Open 1993 against Daniel Nestor, and semifinal Queen's Club 1997 against Greg Rusedski), and José Acasuso (1st round Canada Masters 2006 against Bjorn Phau) won such drawn out tie-breaks.

* Federer lost in the semifinals of both the 2005 Australian and 2005 French Open tournaments to the eventual winner: Safin in Melbourne and Nadal in Paris. Both Safin and Nadal were celebrating their respective birthdays on the day they defeated Roger.

* Winning the 2005 Halle doubles title with fellow Swiss Yves Allegro marked the fact that Federer has now won singles and doubles titles on all four surfaces: hardcourt, clay, carpet, and grass. (Singles: Sydney '02 (hard), Hamburg '02 (clay), Milan '01 (carpet), and Halle '03 (grass); Doubles: Rotterdam '01 (hard), Gstaad '01 (clay), Moscow '02 (carpet), and Halle '05 (grass).)

* Federer defeated Gaston Gaudio 6-0, 6-0 in the semi-finals of the 2005 Tennis Masters Cup. This was the first time ever a Masters Cup match was won with a "double bagel".

* By reaching and winning the final of Wimbledon in 2006, Federer became the first man to make it to five consecutive Grand Slam finals (winning four out of five), beating the previous record set by Andre Agassi who, between 1999 (French Open) and 2000 (Australian Open) reached four finals, winning three titles. Federer can improve on this record at the US Open 2006.

* Federer won four consecutive titles at one event for the first time on June 18th, 2006 at the Gerry Weber Open and tied Björn Borg's record of 41 straight grass-court wins with a 6-0, 6-7, 6-2 victory over Tomas Berdych. He repeated this feat by winning his fourth consecutive Wimbledon championship on July 9th, 2006, beating Rafael Nadal in the final.

* In 2001, Federer ended Pete Sampras' 31 match unbeaten streak at Wimbledon in the fourth round.

* Federer's victory at the 2004 US Open marked the first time in the Open era (i.e., since 1968) that anyone had won his first four Grand Slam finals. He would continue to win his first seven Grand Slam finals before losing to Rafael Nadal in the French Open final in 2006.

* Federer is the first player since Ivan Lendl in 1986-87 to win back-to-back Tennis Masters Cup titles without losing a match.

* In 2004, Federer became the 10th different player in the Open era to win at least 10 singles titles in a season. He is the first year-end No. 1 to register 11 titles since Ivan Lendl in 1985. In addition, Federer is the only player to win at least 10 titles in a season without losing in a final.

* Federer is the first player since Björn Borg in 1979 to win consecutive tournaments on three different surfaces, having captured titles at Wimbledon (grass), Gstaad (clay). and Toronto (hard).

* Federer held a record 26 consecutive wins against top ten ranked opponents. The streak lasted from October 2003 to January 2005, when he lost to Marat Safin in a semifinal of the Australian Open.

* With his victory over James Blake in a quarterfinal of the 2006 Miami Masters he reached a 25-match winning streak against American players. His last loss was to Andy Roddick in the semifinal of the 2003 Canadian Masters.

* His loss against Richard Gasquet in the 2005 Monte Carlo Masters brought his win-loss tally to 35-2 for 2005, the best start on the men's tour since John McEnroe, who holds the record with 39-0 in 1984.

* Federer has won four consecutive men's singles titles at Wimbledon, a feat accomplished only by Borg and Sampras in the Open era. In the 28 matches Federer played at Wimbledon from 2003 through 2006 he dropped just five sets (winning 84). In comparison, Borg and Sampras lost 15 and 14 sets respectively over a similar four-year timeframe.

* Won over 70 matches in three consecutive seasons (2003: 78-17, 2004: 74-6, 2005: 81-4).

* He is the fifth player in the history of ATP Rankings to rank No. 1 every week during calendar year (others: Connors, Lendl, Sampras, and Hewitt). Year: 2005

* He has held a record-tying four winning streaks of 20 consecutive matches or more. The first one was a 23-match winning streak in mid 2004, the second one was a 26-match streak spanning the latter half of 2004 and early 2005, and the third was a 25-match streak in early 2005.

* The fourth streak counted 35 matches including tournament wins at Halle, Wimbledon, Cincinnati, the U.S. Open, one Davis Cup match, Bangkok and four Tennis Masters Cup matches. Pete Sampras also had four such streaks in his entire career; Federer's win against Fabrice Santoro in New York allowed him to tie the record. The 35-match winning streak is the fifth longest in the men's game, at par with Thomas Muster's, set in 1995, and Borg's, set in 1978.

* By winning in Bangkok in September 2005, Federer had won his 24th straight final dating back to Vienna, October 2003. His undefeated streak in finals is a new Open era record. The previous record was 12 straight final wins, shared by McEnroe and Borg. It marked also the first time Federer won five consecutive tournaments he entered. Nalbandian's win over Federer in the final of the Tennis Masters Cup meant the end of two records: his finals streak of 24, and his 35-match overall winning streak.

* With an 81-4 record in 2005, Federer's winning percentage of 95.3 was second only to John McEnroe's Open Era record, who had a 96.5 percentage and an 82-3 record in 1984.

* With his victory over Marcos Baghdatis at the Australian Open he became the first man to win three consecutive Grand Slam titles since Sampras in 1993-94.

* After Federer's third round win over Tommy Haas at the Nasdaq 100 Open in Key Biscayne, Florida, Federer broke the previous record for consecutive matches won in Masters Series events, which was 19 held by Sampras. His streak reached 29 matches before he lost to Rafael Nadal.

* Federer holds the record for most consecutive singles wins in North America, winning 55 matches before losing to Andy Murray in August 2006.

* By winning the Nasdaq 100 Open title in Key Biscayne, Florida, on April 2nd, 2006, Federer became the only player in history to win the first two Masters Series events of the year two years in a row. It was also his 11th consecutive final and 10th Masters Series title.

* He currently has 11 Masters Series shields, equalling Pete Sampras. He is second to Andre Agassi, who has 17 Masters Shields.

* Holds the longest winning streak on hard courts: 56 matches (2005-06). The streak was ended by Nadal in the Dubai final in March 2006.

* By reaching the final of the Toronto Masters series final in 2006, he reached his 17th consecutive final. This puts him in second place after Ivan Lendl (18 between 1981-82).

* With his win against Richard Gasquet in the first round of the 2006 Wimbledon Federer surpassed Björn Borg's 41-match grass court winning streak record. Sweden's Borg set this record from 1976 to 1981, playing Wimbledon only. Federer then won his way into a 4th consecutive Wimbledon title with a victory over Rafael Nadal, taking the streak to 48.

* By reaching the final at the Wimbledon Championships, Federer has become the first man in the Open Era to reach 5 consecutive Grand Slam finals. It also marks a record 9th consecutive Grand Slam semifinals appearance.

* Federer's tally of 1345 ATP Race points in 2005 set a new record since the Race began in 2000. He held the previous record of 1267 points in 2004, which had broken Andy Roddick's 907-point record in 2003.

* With totals of 6335 points end 2004 and 6725 points end 2005, Federer finished with the highest number of year-ending ATP tour ranking points since the ATP circuit began in 1990, although the points breakdown changed slightly in 2000. The previous year-ending highest rating was Pete Sampras' 5097 points in 1994.

* Federer owns all the records for the highest ranking points at any time of the year: currently his record is at 7760 points (August 14th, 2006). His next result is 7295.

* As of September 4th, 2006, Federer has held the #1 spot on the ATP rankings for 137 consecutive weeks. This is the third longest streak in history, surpassing the total of Pete Sampras (fourth), who held that spot for 102 weeks from 1996 to '98. Only Jimmy Connors (160 weeks) and Ivan Lendl (157 weeks) have had longer uninterrupted runs at the top.

2003

* ATP European Player of the Year.
* Swiss Sportsman of the Year.
* Swiss of the Year.
* Michael-Westphal Award.

2004

* ATP European Player of the Year.
* ITF World Champion.
* Sports Illustrated Tennis Player of the Year.
* Swiss Sportsman of the Year.
* Swiss of the Year.
* European Sportsman of the Year.
* Reuters International Sportsman of the Year.
* BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year.
* International Tennis Writers Association (ITWA) Player of the Year.

2005

* Ambassador of United Nations' Year of Sport and Physical Education.
* Goldene Kamera Award.
* ATP Player of the Year (for the year 2004).
* Stefan Edberg Sportmanship Award.
* ATPTennis.com Fan's Favourite.
* Laureus World Sportsman of the Year.
* Michael-Westphal Award.
* International Tennis Writers Association (ITWA) Player of the Year.
* International Tennis Writers Ambassador for Tennis.
* Most Outstanding Athlete by the United States Sport's Academy.
* Freedom Air People’s Choice Sports Awards International Sportsperson of the Year.
* ITF World Champion.
* European Sportsman of the Year.
* ESPY Best Male Tennis Player.

2006

* L'Equipe Magazine's Champion of Champions (for the year 2005).
* ATP Player of the Year (for the year 2005).
* Stefan Edberg Sportmanship Award.
* ATPTennis.com Fan's Favourite.
* Laureus World Sportsman of the Year.
* ESPY Best Male Tennis Player.

# Answering a frequently asked question about the proper pronunciation of his first name, Federer said: "As my mother comes from South Africa, my name has always been pronounced the English way."

# Roger carries a "Tweety" dressed as a ladybird for good luck.

# In Spanish speaking countries media he is sometimes referred to as "El reloj suizo" ("The Swiss watch").

# Favorite vacation spots are Maldives, Dubai, and the Swiss mountains.

# Plays the piano.

# Likes classic rock and classical music.

# Shows interest in football and cricket. Supports FC Basel, his hometown club.

# As a boy, Roger was very emotional on the court and threw many tantrums. He admits to being kicked off the practice courts very often.

# An image of Roger at Wimbledon was on the cover of The ITF Year 2005.

# Plays squash and table tennis.Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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