Snoop Dogg

Calvin Broadus (born October 20, 1971, in Long Beach, California), better known as Snoop Dogg (other nicknames include "Snoop Doggy Dogg," "The Bigg Boss Dogg," "Bigg Snoop Dogg," and "Snoop D-O Double G") is a rapper, record producer and actor from the United States. Snoop is best known as an MC in the West Coast hip hop scene, and for being one of producer Dr. Dre's most notable protégés.

His mother nicknamed him "Snoopy" as a child because of the way his eyes looked, and he took the stage name Snoop Doggy Dogg when he began recording. He changed his name to Snoop Dogg in 1996, when he left his original record label Death Row Records and signed with No Limit Records. His latest album will be released under the name Bigg Snoop Dogg. Several of his cousins also became hip hop artists and Aftermath collaborators, including RBX, Nate Dogg, Daz Dillinger, Dr. Dre, Eminem.

As a rapper, he is known for his “lazy drawl”—a slurred, distinctively calm, laid-back, and rhythmically-complex lyrical delivery. According to Soundscan he has sold over 17.6 million albums in the US from the establishment of Soundscan (1991) to January 2006. His catch phrase is widely known as "Fo' shizzle, ma nizzle", meaning, "For sure, my nigga", though he also pioneered the term "beeyotch".

He attended Long Beach Polytechnic High School, where he began participating in freestyle MCing competitions.

As a member of a local Crips gang in Long Beach called ES Rollin' 20's Crips, Snoop Dogg was in and out of jail for the three years after he graduated from high school. Pushed by older inmates to make something of himself, he began making homemade rap tapes with his cousin Nate Dogg and best friend Warren G (stepbrother of Dr. Dre of N.W.A.). Originally, Nate's cousin Lil' 1/2 Dead was also part of the group, called 213, named after the Long Beach area code at the time. This was largely in homage to Richie Rich's group 415, named for the (then) area code of Oakland, California.

Dr. Dre began collaborating with the young rapper, first on the theme song of the feature film Deep Cover, and then on Dr. Dre's debut solo album The Chronic with the other members of his former starting group, Tha Dogg Pound. Early success with mastering the "Doggystyle" finally justified his role in the naming of his debut solo-album, Doggystyle.

Snoop Dogg's contribution to The Chronic was considerable; the rapper's rhymes were as present as Dre's. The huge success of Snoop's debut Doggystyle was probably due to this intense exposure.

While recording Doggystyle with Dre in August 1993, Snoop Dogg was arrested in the shooting death of Phillip Woldermarian, a member of a rival gang who was later revealed to have had a secret obsession with Snoop. Snoop was defended by Johnnie Cochran and Robert Kardashian and was eventually acquitted on both grounds of self-defense and because he allegedly drove the car while his bodyguard McKinley Lee fired the fatal shots (Lee was also acquitted on grounds of self-defense). Snoop remained entangled in the legal battles around the case for three years.

The Doggystyle album was released in November 1993 on Death Row Records and became the first debut album ever to enter the charts at #1, helping to fuel the ascendance of West Coast "G-funk" rap. The singles "What's My Name" and "Gin and Juice" were able to reach the top ten played songs in the country, and the album remained in the charts for several months, even as controversy raged over the murder trial and his allegedly violent and sexist lyrics. Gangsta rap became the center of arguments for censorship and labeling, with Snoop often used as an example of violent and misogynistic musicians.

The album, much like Dr. Dre's album The Chronic featured a host of rappers signed to or affiliated with the label including Daz, Kurupt, Nate Dogg and others. Many fans consider Doggystyle to be his finest album and it is usually given the same praise given to other successful Death Row albums such as 2Pac's All Eyez On Me, Dr. Dre's The Chronic and Tha Dogg Pound's Dogg Food.

A short film about the trial called Murder Was the Case, and an accompanying soundtrack, were released in 1994. It is said — reportedly to Snoop's distress — that a lot of the hype surrounding his debut was generated by his well-publicized trial. Others argue that the Death Row crew knew that any publicity is good publicity, as this film was directed by Dr. Dre himself.

However, by the time Snoop's second album Tha Doggfather was released in November 1996, both the furor and the popularity of gangsta rap had begun to fade, dragged down by the death of Snoop's friend and labelmate 2Pac, and the racketeering indictment of Death Row co-founder Suge Knight. Dr. Dre had left Death Row earlier that year, and so Snoop co-produced the album himself with Daz Dillinger and DJ Pooh.

The album saw a distinct change of style compared to Snoop Doggy Dogg's previous album, Doggystyle. The album had a somewhat softer approach to the G-funk style which Dr. Dre had made popular years earlier and Snoop Dogg used a less energetic and more charismatic type of rhyming style, which would be more widely incorporated and exercised later on in his career.

Snoop Dogg's artistic output has since drawn back a bit from hardcore gangsta rap, with him performing on the alternative rock Lollapalooza tour in 1997, and making several film appearances, in addition to producing and directing music videos for himself and other artists. He released an autobiography in 2001.

Upon leaving Death Row Records Snoop was approached by a number of record labels but eventually settled on a deal with Master P's No Limit Records. The record label was quite popular at the time as Southern Hip Hop was going through a revival and beginning to dominate the charts in a way which hadn't been seen since the bass influenced music of Florida rap in the early 1990s by such groups as 2 Live Crew and Luke. Shortening his name from Snoop Doggy Dogg to Snoop Dogg, he initially received a great deal of criticism for signing to the label.

Da Game Is to Be Sold Not to Be Told was the first album he released at No Limit. The album was met with negative reviews, while still managing to sell well. Snoop put his stamp of the now ubiquitous dirty south sound on this album. Similar to the group focus of Death Row Records, a great deal of No Limit Records artists appeared on the album and it was produced mostly by in-house producers Beats By The Pound. Snoop's next effort, No Limit Top Dogg would see a return to the g-funk style of his Death Row days and it proved to be a success in terms of ratings and record sales as the album embraced both old and new styles of West Coast hip hop along with assorted guests from the No Limit roster. Snoop Dogg followed this up with his last album on No Limit Records titled Tha Last Meal, which evolved upon the mixture of old and new styles of West Coast hip hop that No Limit Top Dogg began.

Snoop produced a pornographic film called Snoop Dogg's Doggystyle with Hustler magazine in 2001, where he combines hip hop music with X-rated material. From then on, many films of the genre followed, and finally ended up with founding the Snoopadelic Films company in 2005, Snoop's own movie production company debuting with Boss'n Up, a film inspired by R&G starring Lil Jon and Trina.

In 2002, he announced that he was giving up drinking and drugs. Later that year he released the album Paid tha Cost to Be da Bo$$, on Capitol Records which featured the hit singles and videos "From Da Chuuuch to Da Palace" and "Beautiful," featuring guest vocals by the Pharrell Williams.

On May 21, 2004, Snoop Dogg filed for divorce from his wife Shante Broadus, citing irreconcilable differences and seeking joint custody of their three children, Corde, Cordell, and Cori; they have since reconciled. Later that year, he collaborated again with his old friends Nate Dogg and Warren G, as part of their rap group 213. They released an album The Hard Way, which featured the single "Groupie Luv", and reached #4 in the U.S. Billboard 200 album charts.

In 2004, Snoop signed to Geffen Records/Star Trak Entertainment both of which are distributed through Interscope Records, the latter of the first two was headed by the Neptunes, who produced several tracks for his 2004 release R&G (Rhythm & Gangsta) The Masterpiece. "Drop It Like It's Hot" (featuring Pharrell), the first single released from the album, was a hit and became Snoop Dogg's first single to reach number one. His third release was "Signs", featuring Justin Timberlake & Charlie Wilson, which entered the UK chart at #2. This was his highest entry ever in the UK chart.

He also notably played the drug dealer-turned-informant character of Huggy Bear, in the 2004 remake film of the 70's TV-series of the same name, Starsky & Hutch.

Snoop and his associates were the center of a controversial civil rape case stemming from a January, 2003 guest-hosting appearance on Jimmy Kimmel Live. The plantiff was a 36-year-old makeup artist named Kylie Bell, who had previously won an Emmy Award for her work on the HBO series Six Feet Under. Bell claimed that she was drugged and sexually assaulted by Snoop and four others. Snoop had sued for extortion a month previously, alleging that he paid $5 million in exchange for Bell's silence. Both suits were subsequently dropped in an out-of-court settlement.

Snoop Dogg recently announced to British radio that his next album, The Blue Carpet Treatment, will feature production by long-time partner Dr. Dre, dispelling rumors of a rift between the two in recent times. In addition, Snoop will be featured on Dre's proclaimed (and much delayed) Detox.

On April 26, 2006, Snoop Dogg and members of his entourage were arrested at Heathrow Airport for "violent disorder and affray" — or creating a brawl or disturbance — after being turned away from British Airways' first class lounge. Snoop and his party were not allowed to enter the lounge because although some of the entourage were flying first class, other members of the party were flying economy class. After the group was escorted outside, they vandalized a duty-free shop by throwing whisky bottles. Seven police officers were injured in the fracas. After a night in the prison, Snoop Dogg and the other men were released on bail on the 27 April but he was unable to perform at the Premier Foods People's Concert in Johannesburg on the same day. As part of his bail conditions, he had to return to the police station in May. The group has been banned by British Airways for "the foreseeable future."

On May 11, when he presented himself at a London police station, he was cautioned for affray under Section 4 of the Public Order Act for use of threatening words or behaviour.

On May 15, the Home Office decided that Snoop Dogg should be denied entry to the UK for the foreseeable future, most likely forever, due to the fracas at Heathrow, along with his previous convictions in the U.S. for drugs and firearms offences. Because of these offenses he has been banned from flying with British Airways ever again.

As of June 2006, Snoop is doing an advertisement for Orbit Gum. In this advertisment, the Orbit Girl (Vanessa Branch) comes and cleans up Snoop's dirty mouth.

Snoop Dogg's latest music is being featured on West Coast rap albums, such as "Laugh Now, Cry Later" by Ice Cube and "Cali Iz Active" by Tha Dogg Pound. He is featured on 2 tracks from Cube's album including the single "Go to Church", and several tracks on "Cali Iz Active." Also, his latest song, "Real Talk", was leaked over the internet in the summer of 2006 and a video has been released on the internet. "Real Talk" is a dedication to Tookie Williams and a diss to Arnold Schwarzenegger. His two other new songs are "Keep Bouncing" by Too $hort, Snoop Dogg & Will.I.Am; and "Gangsta Walk" by Coolio & Snoop.

Currently Snoop Dogg is working with producer JT the Bigga Figga on a documentary DVD entitled Mandatory Business, that will feature the likes of Russell Simmons, Spike Lee, Xzibit, Young Buck and 50 Cent. There will also be a soundtrack released for the album.

* Snoop Dogg plans to publish his first novel in Autumn 2006.

* Snoop Dogg is famous for using slang invented by Frankie Smith and The Gap Band in the early eighties, and popularized in part by fellow rapper E-40, much of which is simply derived by adding an "izz" or "-izzle" sound to the word.

* Snoop is a fan of many professional and college sports teams such as the Los Angeles Lakers, Pittsburgh Steelers, and the USC Trojans.

* Snoop was a member of the Rollin' 20 Crips gang in Long Beach, and still has affiliations with the group. Goldie Loc of Tha Eastsidaz is also a former member of this gang, as are Warren G and Nate Dogg.

* Snoop Dogg has his own show on XM Satellite Radio called Welcome to Da Chuuch with Big Snoop Dogg. On December 8, 2005, he was named executive producer for XM's classic hip hop channel, The Rhyme, and will provide the creative direction for the channel and assist in the development of new exclusive programming for The Rhyme as well as other channels. Also in that month, Snoop appeared in a comical TV commercial for XM with fellow XM celebrity DJs Ellen DeGeneres and David Bowie which finds the rapper attempting to find one of his misplaced vanity necklaces; the punchline of the commercial reveals that Bowie had been wearing the jewelry, unbeknownst to Snoop.

* Snoop Dogg is the most "well-connected" rapper of all time based on a study by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This is counted from the unusually high album sales and the collaborations made.

* Snoop Dogg was requested by EA Games together with the surviving members of The Doors to produce and perform a song for the soundtrack of EA Games' Need For Speed Underground 2 in 2004. On the track, Snoop raps over a sample of The Doors' "Riders on the Storm."

* Snoop Dogg appears in Def Jam: Fight For NY as the final boss, Crow.

* Snoop Dogg collaborated with several international musicians, including Aki-La (Japan), Jamel Debbouze (France) and Mira Craig (Norway).

* Snoop Dogg and Willie McGinest of the Cleveland Browns are childhood friends and are founders and co-owners of Icon Sports+Entertainment, which is geared toward helping athletes realize their potential in the entertainment industry. Ironically, Snoop Dogg is a fan of the Browns arch-rivals, the Pittsburgh Steelers.

* Snoop Dogg will soon be named a C.E.O. at Koch West.Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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