Uno is a card game played with a specially printed deck. The game was originally developed in 1971 by Merle Robbins. It is now a Mattel product. The game's general principles put it into the Crazy Eights family of card games. Despite being developed in America, Uno is officially pronounced exactly the same way as the Italian and Spanish word for "one", uno.

The custom deck consists of cards of 4 colours: red, green, blue, and yellow. The ranks in each colour are 0-9. There are 3 "honour" cards in each colour, labeled "skip", "draw two", and "reverse". There are special black cards, "wild" and "wild draw four". There are two copies of each regular and honour card, except for the naughts, which only have one per suit. There are four "wild" and "wild draw four" cards each, producing a total of 108 cards.

To start the game, seven cards are dealt to each player, and the top card of the stock is exposed to start the discard pile. If the exposed card has a special ability, it is treated as if the dealer played that card, and the special effect occurs (i.e., skip, draw two, reverse, or wild). If the exposed card is a wild draw four, however, it is returned to the deck and the next card is exposed.

At each turn, a player may play a card from their hand that matches the colour or rank of the top exposed card, or play a wild or wild draw four. If a player has no legal card to play, that player draws the top card of the stock, and may either play it or place it in their hand. A player may choose to draw the top card of the stock even if they have a legal play (known as reneging), but after having drawn the top card of the stock only that card may be played that turn (a player may intentionally do this when desperate to keep another player from going out). After playing a single card or drawing, the next player clockwise takes a turn, unless a reverse is in effect. If the stock is emptied, the discard pile is shuffled and turned over to replenish the stock.

The hand ends when a player plays all his/her cards. When a player plays down to only one card, that player is required to say "uno". If another player catches someone not calling "uno" (after the second to last card touches the discard pile but before the next player starts their turn), then that player must draw two cards.

After a player plays all of their cards, the other players count the number of points pertaining to the values of the cards in their hands. Number cards are face value (with zero cards worth ten), coloured special cards worth twenty, and wilds worth fifty. When the number for one of the players reaches or exceeds a certain value (500 is customary), the player with the fewest points wins.

* Only a numbered card can start a hand. If a wild or an honour card is exposed, then the next card from the stock pile is turned over until a numbered card is exposed.
* If a player cannot play a legal card, then he/she draws from the stock pile until he/she finds a card that can be played legally, rather than drawing just one and play moving to the next player.

Note: The newer style English Uno action cards bear symbols which denote their action, except for the Wild cards which still bear the word "Wild." Before the design change, such cards in English versions of the game bear letters. Other versions also use symbols and images in both old and new designs, especially those with Wild cards that do not bear the word "Wild." The Xbox 360 version of the game uses the new English style of the cards in gameplay.

If any player fails to say "uno", then another player may force him or her to draw two penalty cards ("Challenge Uno"). If nobody notices the failure to say uno before the next player takes another turn, there is no penalty. The penalty for calling a false "uno" is that the player has to draw three cards.

If a player gives card-play suggestions, he or she must draw two cards.

If a player plays an illegal card, he or she must draw two cards.

If a player plays a wild draw four card when he has a playable card in his hand, he can be challenged by the player having to draw the four cards. If he or she played the card correctly, the challenging player must draw six cards instead of four. If the player playing the card cheated, he or she has to draw four penalty cards.

If a player plays a Reverse or Skip card in a two player game, and has no playable card to go after it, he or she must draw two penalty cards from the deck.

Single Round Record Record was set by a team of five people in Austin, Texas in the United States in a four-hour–long single round on October 28, 2006.

* James C.
* Amanda M.
* Kevin S.
* Chris A.
* Andie S.

The game ended with a victory for Kevin S.

Fastest Round Record Record was set by a team of four people in Le Grand Couret, France in a two-minute thirty-seven second spectacle of furious game play on November 11, 2006.

* Neil R.
* Mark G.
* Stephen C.
* Nick W.

The game ended with a victory for Neil "Speedy Cards" R.

Size of Game Record Three hundred thirty people helped celebrate the 35th anniversary of Uno. They set a new Guinness world record for the largest card game tournament ever played, beating the old record by 10 players. (The previous record of 320 players was set in Portugal.) The ultimate winner was Lucinda Kowalewski of Poca. She received 2007 season tickets to the West Virginia Power Games and an XBox 360 along with several other prizes.

Certain special packs of Uno are available in shops. These sometimes include more special cards.

* Barbie Uno - which features the "friendship" card, where the player can swap his/her hand with another player.
* Batman - feature a Joker, when you discard this card you can choose 1 to 3 players to draw 1 to 3 cards
* Family Guy Uno - in which players can try for world domination, a la Stewie Griffin, with the exclusive "Dominate" card and rule.
* Hanna-Barbera Edition Uno - Yogi Bear adds to the fun with the exclusive ‘pic-a-nic’ card – the player with this special card gets to steal the top card from the discard pile at any point in the game.
* Harry Potter Uno - which features a Draw Three (instead of Draw Two) card; also features a "howler" wild card where, if played, the player who uses the card may select another player to say all of their cards aloud; also features an "invisibility" wild card where, if played, the player can block any card placed down (such as, a card that forces them to draw cards)
* Nintendo Uno - Has pictures of various Nintendo characters on each card and has writing in classic 8-bit style. Also contains the Power card; this card can be used as a regular Wild card at any time, but can also be used to block a Draw 2 or Wild Draw 4 card played against the player after which it acts as a regular Wild card.
* One Piece Uno - a One Piece version of Uno released in Japan. The gameplay is the same as normal, but all card's artwork is made into One Piece related artwork.
* Sesame Street Uno - Features a Grouch card, which allows players to give up to three un-needed cards in their deck to another player, so it removes their "garbage". The character featured on it is Oscar the Grouch. There are 4 Grouch cards in the 112 card deck.
* SpongeBob SquarePants Uno - which features the Super Absorbency card, a wild card which requires the next player to draw one card from all other players hands at random. There is controversy as to what happens when the Super Absorbency card is played as they players' penultimate card. Some contend that the person playing the card would win as the next player would be required to take that card from him/her. However, some play that there is an exception whereas the Super Absorbency requires a card to be drawn from all player's hands except those who are in the uno stage.
* South Park - The special card is called "Dead Kenny". When you play this card, you decide which player will share Kenny's bad *luck. You may choose any player's hand to "kill" by having that player draw cards from the DRAW pile. The chosen player must keep drawing cards until he/she draws any card with Kenny on it.
* The DOG UNO - The deck features pictures of various dogs on each of the cards, and contains a Fetch Wild Card.
* The Simpsons Uno - features a Draw Three card
* The Simpsons - GREAT SCOT Uno - which features a "GREAT SCOT" card, with Groundskeeper Willie, where a player selects another player and gives that player two of their cards
* The Simpsons - Treehouse of Horror Uno - features a Witchcraft, the player who plays this card can use it to block any Draw 2 or Wild Draw 4 played against him/her.
* Spiderman Uno - the special card let you know the player's hand.
* Star Trek Uno - based on the original Star Trek series with special cards:
o Double Tribble card - the player who plays this card chooses the color of play, and the next player doubles the amount of cards in their hand and forfeits their turn. (appears once in pack)
o Beam Me Up, Scotty card - this can played to stop any command card (a "draw 2" card, for example) and allows for the color of play to be chosen.(appears once in pack)
o Mind Meld card - this commands the next player to show the person who played this card to show their hand.(appears once in pack)
o Live Long & Prosper card - can be played at any time to discard the players hand and pick up an entirely new one, then allows him/her to choose color of play. (appears once in pack)
* Superman - battle card, when this card is played, the player who plays it selects another player to "battle". the player who play the card chooses to be either superman or bizarro, and the player he/she selected is the other character. superman must discard a blue card since bizarro is vulnerable to blue kryptonite, and bizarro must discard a green card since superman is vulnerable to green kryptonite.
* Uno 35th Anniversary - A special deck made to celebrate the 35th Anniversary of the first edition of Uno released in the United States in 1971. in this deck, there are specialty "35" cards, when, if the card is in play, only 3s or 5s of any color must be played after the card is delt.
* Uno H2O - A deck with transparent water-proof cards. It includes 2 extra cards called "wild DownPour" cards; when played ALL the other players must pick up the number specified on the card (either 1 or 2) and may choose the next color of play.
* Disney Theme Park Edition - Evil card: the player holding this card can steal the top card from the DISCARD pile at any point in the game, even if it's not his/her turn.
* Peanuts - Good Grief card: this is a wild card, the player playing the card designates the recipient who must start drawing cards from the draw pile until he/she draws a card with Charlie Brown on it.
* Muppet Show - Mayhem card: the player who plays it causes everyone one swap hands. The direction of the swap is determined by the player playing the card.
* Happy Feet Edition - Mambo! card: the player who plays it must give each opponent one card from his/her hand, and then places a card on the discard pile to start the next round.
* Versions available on the Xbox 360 Live version of Uno:
o Project Gotham Racing Uno - In this game, the cards are drawn like cars seen in the Project Gotham Racing series of video games. In this game, the rules include a card called the "Gotham Live" card, which is the same name used as the replay feature in Project Gotham Racing 3. This card allows a player to look at the hand of any of the other players.
o Kameo: Elements of Power Uno: This pack was released on November 1, 2006. This is a custom deck with artwork from the Kameo game. In addition, a special play card allows you to swap your hand with the hand of another player in the game.
o Uno 35th Anniversary - (see above)

Other Uno Related games

* UNO Spin
* UNO Attack (Uno Extreme in the UK and Canada)
* Uno Wild Tiles
* Uno Stacko
* Uno Dice
* Uno Blitzo
* Uno Dominos
* Uno Rummy Up
* UNO (Xbox Live Arcade Game)
* O'NO 99
* Uno H2O

Uno is a member of the shedding family of card games. The shedding family of card games consists of games where the objective is to get rid of all your cards while preventing the other players from getting rid of their cards.Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Virtual Magic is a human knowledge database blog. Text Based On Information From Wikipedia, Under The GNU Free Documentation License. Copyright (c) 2007 Virtual Magic. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

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